Diagnostic and Clinical Reasoning Paper Assignment

The purpose of this assignment is to provide you the opportunity to expand the scope of your clinical documentation and your thought processes relative to complex patient care cases.  

Select a patient encounter from your current clinical experience. 

The patient encounter you select should be one of the more complex patient cases that you have experienced with your current clinical patient population.  Given that you are to select complex cases, this assignment may not be completed for a ‘general health, well child, well woman, routine OB, routine physical exam (etc.)’ type of encounter.

You will need to identify which patient encounter you are expanding your documentation for by including the Typhon Case ID # under your name on the title page of your paper. 

For this assignment you will utilize the same SOAP format that you do for your ‘expanded’ Typhon encounters.  Construct this assignment ensuring that you adhere to the writing guidelines provided in the 6th edition APA manual. 

Below is the overview of the required elements for this assignment:

*Title Page (Page 1): Follow APA guidelines for running head on page 1, and include Medical Diagnosis, Student Name, Typhon Case ID #, and Date.

*Subjective (Start of Page 2): Follow APA guidelines for running head on page 2 and subsequent pages.

CC: chief complaint – What are they being seen for? This is the reason that the patient sought care, stated in their own words, or paraphrased.

HPI: history of present illness – use the “OLDCART” approach for collecting data and documenting findings.  [O=onset, L=location, D=duration, C=characteristics, A=associated/aggravating factors, R=relieving Factors, T=treatment, S=summary]

PMH: past medical history – This should include past illness/diagnosis, conditions, traumas, hospitalizations, and surgical history. Include dates if possible.

Allergies: State the offending medication/food and the reactions.

Medications: Names, dosages, and routes of administration.

Social history: Related to the problem, educational level/literacy, smoking, alcohol, drugs, HIV risk, sexually active, caffeine, work and other stressors. Cultural and spiritual beliefs that impact health and illness. Financial resources.

Click on the link below to explore the CDC’s information on the ‘social determinants of health’. 


Family history: Use terms like maternal, paternal and the diseases and the ages they were deceased or diagnosed if known.

Health Maintenance/Promotion: Immunizations, exercise, diet, etc. Remember to use the United States Clinical Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) guidelines for age appropriate indicators. This should reflect what the patient is presently doing regarding the guidelines. 

Click on the link below to access information about current guidelines.



Review of Systems (ROS):  this is to make sure you have not missed any important symptoms, particularly in areas that you have not already thoroughly explored while discussing the history of present illness. You would also want to include any pertinent negatives or positives that would help with your differential diagnosis. For acute episodic (focused) visits (i.e. sprained ankle, sore throat, etc.) you may be omitting certain areas such as GYN, Rectal, GI/Abd, etc. While the list below is provided for your convenience it is not to be considered all-encompassing and you are expected to include other systems/categories applicable to your patient’s chief complaint.

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